Massachusetts
Introduced Pests Outreach Project

Summer Fruit Tortrix Moth

(Click on an image below to see the captioned full-size version)
Thumbnail Figure 1 Thumbnail Figure 2 Thumbnail Figure 3      
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3

Scientific Name: Adoxophyes orana
Common Name: Summer Fruit Tortrix Moth

Known Hosts:
The Summer Fruit Tortrix Moth feeds on a wide variety plants with a preference for Rosaceous plants especially apple (Malus domestica) and pear (Prunus pyrifolia). This moth is reported to feed and develop on more than 50 plant species in multiple families including fruits, forest trees, and ornamentals. See the A. orana mini risk assessment for a full list of host plants: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/pest_detection/downloads/pra/aoranapra.pdf

Key ID Features and Life Cycle:
A. orana overwinters in the larval stage in a loosely woven cocoon on the host plant. The overwintered larvae feed and pupate in the spring to produce the first generation of adults which emerge during late May to late June in Europe (Figure 1).
Males have a wingspan of 15-19mm. The forewings of the male are a light grayish-brown or yellowish-brown with distinct dark brown markings. The hing wings are light gray. (Figure 2)
Females have a wingspan of 19-22mm. The forewings are a dullish gray-brown color with markings that are less distinct than in the male moth. The hindwings are brown-gray. (Figure 3)
The first generation of adults give rise the the first generation or summer caterpillars. Larvae are 18- 22 mm in length and greenish yellow to olive green in color. The head of the caterpillar is brown when young and turns to a honey-yellow color when mature. Thoracic legs are light brown.
The second generation of adults fly in late July to early September in Europe and give rise to the second generation or fall caterpillars which overwinter until the following spring.

Description of damage:
Caterpillars may damage the plant by feeding on the leaves and fruit. The damage to leaves is not economically important unless population levels are high enough to cause significant defoliation.
The first generation or summer caterpillars cause the greatest economic loss to fruit production.
Larvae may leave point-like holes in the fruit tissue from sting-feeding or extensive areas of damage from grazing on the fruit surface.
Second generation or fall caterpillars may also feed on fruit before they overwinter causing large, irregular depressions on the fruit surface.

Similar species or symptoms:
Other native tortricid moths such as redbanded leafroller and the obliquebanded leafroller are known to attack apples. See the following sources for more information on apple pests:
New England Pest Management Guide for Apples
http://www.umass.edu/fruitadvisor/NEAPMG/index.htm
Redbanded Leafroller (Argyrotaenia veultinana)
Michigan State Extension Factsheet http://web1.msue.msu.edu/vanburen/fredband.htm
Obliquebanded Leafroller (Choristoneura rosaceana)
Michigan State Extenstion Factsheet http://web1.msue.msu.edu/vanburen/oblr.htm

Fact sheets and references:
HYPP Zoology Fact Sheet: Biology and description with links to photos of larvae, eggs, and damage
http://www.inra.fr/hyppz/RAVAGEUR/6adoora.htm

Mini Risk Assessment Summer Fruit Tortrix Moth, Adoxophyes orana (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1834)
http://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/pest_detection/downloads/pra/aoranapra.pdf

Summer fruit tortrix (Adoxophyes orana) Pest and Diseases Image Library
http://www.padil.gov.au/viewPest.aspx?id=322

Summer fruit tortrix fact sheet from Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey
http://www.ceris.purdue.edu/napis/pests/misc/fexotic.txt

Meijerman L and SA Ulenberg. 2000. Adoxophyes orana in Arthropods of Economic Importance: Eurasian Tortricidae.
http://ip30.eti.uva.nl/bis/tortricidae.php?menuentry=soorten&selected=beschrijving&id=109#

Dickler, E. 1991. Tortricid pests of pome and stone fruits, Eurasian species. Pages 435-452 in
L. P. S. van der Geest and H. H. Evenhuis, ed. Tortricid Pests: Their biology, natural
enemies and control. Elsevier Science Publishers B. V., New York.

last reviewed February 26, 2008


Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources
Massachusetts Introduced Pests Outreach Project is a collaboration between the Massachusetts Dept. of Agricultural Resources and the UMass Extension Agriculture and Landscape Program. This website was made possible, in part, by a Cooperative Agreement from the United States Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). It may not necessarily express APHIS' views.